Andrea Hayward. However, in order to effectively write both these sections, you need to understand the distinction between the two clearly. This infographic explains the five main differences between these two sections of a manuscript. Feel free to download a PDF version of this infographic and use it as a handy reference while you are writing these two sections of your manuscript. You're looking to give wings to your academic career and publication journey. We like that!
A discussion section is the section of a research paper or journal article in which authors present their interpretation of the major findings of their research. Discussion sections are one of the four major sections i. The discussion section typically includes the following components: a the significance of the study, b interpretations of the significant results, c implications, d limitations, e future studies, and f conclusion. The discussion section is placed at the end of the paper or article; but depending on the format required by a course professor or journal, the conclusion might be a separate section following the discussion section.
This is one of the most challenging questions people have ever asked me, because after looking through dozens of journal articles in my Mendeley database, I could not find a lot of them who used Discussion sections. I believe this idea of the Discussion component of an academic journal article or book chapter, in some cases comes from the IMRAD model of publishing , that is, papers that have at least the following five sections: Introduction, Methods, Results, Analysis and Discussion hence the acronym. Personally, I neither like, nor do I often write this type of journal article. As I said on Twitter, I read engineering, natural science and social science literatures.
The discussion section is probably the most difficult and challenging to write because you have to think carefully about. In a short report, your discussion section will also include your conclusion s and you can therefore use other headings such as ' Discussion and Conclusion ', or simply ' Conclusion s '. It is also acceptable to use the heading ' Interpretation '.